This study and resource examines the history, people, and politics of South Africa in the age of apartheid.
Apartheid legislation NP leaders argued that South Africa did not comprise a single nation, but was made up of four distinct racial groups: Such groups were split into 13 nations or racial federations.
White people encompassed the English and Afrikaans language groups; the black populace was divided into ten such groups. The state passed laws that paved the way for "grand apartheid", which was centred on separating races on a large scale, by compelling people to live in separate places defined by race.
This strategy was in part adopted from "left-over" British rule that separated different racial groups after they took control of the Boer republics in the Anglo-Boer war.
This created the black-only "townships" or "locations", where blacks were relocated to their own towns. In addition, "petty apartheid" laws were passed. The principal apartheid laws were as follows. This Act put an end to diverse areas and determined where one lived according to race.
Each race was allotted its own area, which was used in later years as a basis of forced removal. Under the Reservation of Separate Amenities Act ofmunicipal grounds could be reserved for a particular race, creating, among other things, separate beaches, buses, hospitals, schools and universities.
Signboards such as "whites only" applied to public areas, even including park benches. The Suppression of Communism Act of banned any party subscribing to Communism. The act defined Communism and its aims so sweepingly that anyone who opposed government policy risked being labelled as a Communist.
Since the law specifically stated that Communism aimed to disrupt racial harmony, it was frequently used to gag opposition to apartheid. Disorderly gatherings were banned, as were certain organisations that were deemed threatening to the government. Education was segregated by the Bantu Education Actwhich crafted a separate system of education for black South African students and was designed to prepare black people for lives as a labouring class.
Existing universities were not permitted to enroll new black students. The Afrikaans Medium Decree of required the use of Afrikaans and English on an equal basis in high schools outside the homelands.
So-called "self—governing Bantu units" were proposed, which would have devolved administrative powers, with the promise later of autonomy and self-government. It also abolished the seats of white representatives of black South Africans and removed from the rolls the few blacks still qualified to vote.
The Bantu Investment Corporation Act of set up a mechanism to transfer capital to the homelands to create employment there. Legislation of allowed the government to stop industrial development in "white" cities and redirect such development to the "homelands".
It changed the status of blacks to citizens of one of the ten autonomous territories. The aim was to ensure a demographic majority of white people within South Africa by having all ten Bantustans achieve full independence.
Interracial contact in sport was frowned upon, but there were no segregatory sports laws.
The government tightened pass laws compelling blacks to carry identity documents, to prevent the immigration of blacks from other countries.State, Civil Society and Apartheid in South Africa An Examination of Dutch Reformed Church-State Relations Tracy Kuperus Assistllllt Pro!i'.\sor.
The late David Goldblatt was an iconic South African photographer whose work documents the impact of apartheid rule on people of all ethnicities in the country.
These powerful photographs capture life under a system that legally enshrined racial inequality and discrimination. All people deserve to. Based on JM Coetzee’s Booker Prize-winning novel of the same name, Disgrace takes place in post-apartheid South Africa.
The film is a complex examination of sex, power and race relations. Jul 19, · A truly unique museum experience. Having lived through apartheid, this museum brings the harsh realities of racial divides to life. I have visited more than 10 times and each visit is a humbling reminder of South Africa's past but also a reminder that humans can triumph and forge a new path Location: Northern Parkway, South Africa, South Africa.
The political system of apartheid governed every aspect of life in South Africa from to In practice, apartheid enforced a racial hierarchy privileging white South Africans and under.
The complex history and politics of South Africa form the backdrop of this insightful study of the factors that contributed to both the end of apartheid and the movement from government by racial division toward government through national unity.