The Acropolis of Athens by Leo von Klenze. Athens is often regarded [i] as the birthplace of democracy and remains an important reference-point for democracy. Athens emerged in the 7th century BCE, like many other poleiswith a dominating powerful aristocracy.
The idea came from the ancient Greeks who combined the words demos people and krates rule to create the term. The term was coined during a period in Greek history when the city of Athens experimented with a form of government in which all citizens, rather than one king or a small group of wealthy men, made the laws of their state.
What is a democracy? Democracy is a system in which people decide matters as a group. The term is typically used in the context of a form of government in which all the citizens have a vote. The principles of democracy are also applicable to other bodies, such as universities, unions, companies or other organisations.
The development of democracy can be traced back to ancient times, particularly to ancient Greece. Democracy in ancient times Around years ago in Ancient Greece, the people of the city-state of Athens developed a way of making decisions that was different from the autocratic ways of the past.
An autocratic system of government is a type of government where one person or small group make all the decisions on behalf of the people of the state. Citizens of the state have no say in influencing decisions.
Ancient Greece Athens was the first city state to allow ordinary citizens access to government offices and courts. In theory, all Athenian citizens were eligible to speak and vote in the Assembly which set the laws of the city-state.
In reality, Athens was not a true democracy as women were not included nor were foreigners, slaves or freed slaves. Also, according to the rules of citizenship both parents must have been Athenian citizens for a person to qualify to take part in the Assembly.
The democracy therefore, was only a very small minority of the people living in Athens. It was, however, the closest any country had come to establishing a democratic society at this time.
It is also known as the Dark Ages. Although there was not a democracy directly in place during the Middle Ages, Christianity was widely followed and so many democratic ideas were understood and followed by many of the people. Christianity taught that all men were created equal. Another form of government, known as feudalism developed during this time.
Feudalism stressed that all people had certain rights and developed a system of courts to defend these rights.
The Magna Carta In medieval England, inKing John had total control and his subjects had no freedom or say whatsoever. It was written by the barons of England who were unhappy that the king was abusing his power and increasing taxes.
The Magna Carta contained 63 clauses promising all freemen access to the courts and a fair trial, eliminating unfair fines and punishments and giving power to the Catholic Church in England instead of the king.
The Magna Carta was an important milestone in British Law and would become the basis for many international constitutions in the future, including the Australian Constitution.
See image 2 The American Revolution The American Revolution is an important event in history that marks a turning point in democracy.
The first step was the creation of the Declaration of Independence, written by the American President, Thomas Jefferson in In this document many ideas were taken from two famous philosophers of the time, Jean Jacques Rousseau and John Locke, which outlined freedom and equality.
Modern democracies Modern democracies developed throughout the 20th century. Democracies have resulted from wars, revolutions, decolonisation and economic circumstances. The number of democracies continues to grow and it has been speculated that this trend may continue in the future to the point where democratic nation-states become the standard form of human society.
Development of representative democracies Putting the idea of democracy into practice is not easy. In ancient times the idea of a democracy meant that the community would be run by meetings and attended by every citizen.
After examining the facts and discussing what needed to be done, the people would make the laws, decide every act of government policy and judge every dispute that arose in the community.
This system, known as direct democracy, could only work for a small state with few inhabitants and a very simple way of life.A brief history of Australian democracy, Introduction to democracy, Potentials of democracy, SOSE, Year 9, NSW Democracy in Australia Australia has one of the world's best models for democracy.
The Worst Form of Government The History of Democracy from Beginning to End by Matthew White. Democracy is the worst form of Government - except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.
of American essayist E.B. White: Democracy is the Characteristics of Democracy Some local jurisdictions in the United States still practice a form of direct democracy, as in this town meeting in Harwick, Vermont.
Schools and taxes tend to be popular issues. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. movies All Video latest This Just In Prelinger Archives Democracy Now!
Occupy Wall Street TV NSA Clip Library. Democracy and education: an introduction to the philosophy of education. by Dewey, John, Introduction: Democracy is a tender topic for a writer: like motherhood and apple pie it is not to be criticized.
One will risk being roundly condemned if he, or she, points out the serious bottleneck that is presented when a community attempts, through the democratic process, to set plans for positive social action.
The dawn of American democracy didn’t come in , with the Declaration of Independence. It didn’t come in , when the Constitution was ratified by the states, or in , when George.