Logic and critical thinking lecture notes

Seizing the Initiative Through Creative Thinking Versus Reacting to the Enemy local copyby Grothe, SAMS paper, Leadership must be committed to learning, underwrite experimentation, and create an environment that generates creative thought and innovation. Doctrine must incorporate more aspects of innovation, creative and critical thinking and innovative leadership. The most critical area the Army must focus change in is within Professional Military Education for field grade officers.

Logic and critical thinking lecture notes

Importance of Cursive Some may wonder why students should learn to write in cursive in the age of tablets and iPhones. While electronic devices have added an element of convenience to the writing process, evidence is mounting that putting pen to paper has benefits that typing cannot replace.

Researchers have found ties between writing by hand and everything from language skills to memory to critical thinking. Typing In a recent study entitled "The Pen is Mightier than the Keyboard," researchers Pam Mueller and Daniel Oppenheimer found that students who take notes by hand perform better on conceptual questions than students who take notes on laptops.

They concluded that students who type their notes tend to transcribe the lecture and to process the lecture only on a shallow level.

Logic and critical thinking lecture notes

Student who take notes by hand actually digest the content and reframe it in their own wordsa process that increases both understanding and recall. The writing process involves a number of "low-level" skillssuch as handwriting, spelling, and grammaralong with a number of "high-level" skillsorganization, strategy, considering the parameters of the topic and the needs of the reader, etc.

When students aren't proficient at the low-level skills and have to work hard just to get words onto the paper, they don't have enough brain power left to execute the high-level skills.

But when student have fluent handwriting, they are free to concentrate on the high-level skills we associate with good writing. As Graham and Santangelo point out, even with the presence of computers, much of the writing done in primary school will necessarily be done with pencil and paper, so students who fail to develop fluent handwriting will suffer.

While the benefits of handwriting can be observed in student performance, they can also be observed in the brain itself. A study using fMRI technology showed that writing letters, as opposed to viewing them on a screen, is associated with more advanced brain function.

Preliterate children who actually wrote a letter showed brain activation in areas associated with reading and writing in adults, while children who viewed the letter on a screen did not.

Benefits of Cursive And, according to neurologist William Klemmthe neurological benefits of writing by hand are compounded with cursive writing.

Yet many fail to recognize the value of cursive. The authors of the Common Coreregarding old-fashioned writing as antiquated in the modern age, leave little time for handwriting instruction, filling students' and teachers' time with other substantive subjects.

When students write confidently and legibly, their academics as a whole seem to improve. And cursive is an academic skill at which everyone can succeed.

At Blackshear Elementary School, a Texas school that famously revived its failing academic condition by focusing on handwriting, the teachers noted that excellent handwriting was a goal to which all students could aspire. While certain gifted students may rise to the top again and again in the academic subjects, any student can aspire to have excellent handwriting and can achieve the goal with practice.

And, for students who are struggling, success in one area can be the key to unlocking greater academic potential. Learning cursive is an easy way for a child to discover important tactics for learning as well as the emotional benefit of being able to master a task.

Children no less than adults long to express their individuality and creativity. Developing a cursive hand—epitomized in the signature and carried through in a unique form of writing that others can identify and associate with a particular individual—is an important step in developing a personal style and voice.

Students are not automatons, and education should include tools that encourage the individual personality.

Logic and critical thinking lecture notes

Flourishes—those extra pen strokes that connect, begin, and end words—differentiate printed words from words written in cursive. By making the ability to write in cursive available to everyone, CursiveLogic empowers every student not merely to learn, but to flourish.How PowerPoint Makes You Stupid: The Faulty Causality, Sloppy Logic, Decontextualized Data, and Seductive Showmanship That Have Taken Over Our Thinking [Franck Frommer, George Holoch] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

With over million users worldwide, Microsoft’s PowerPoint software has become the ubiquitous tool for nearly all forms of public presentation—in . Abstract The ability to effectively search and locate information on the Internet is an important skill for education and essential for success in the 21 st century.

The results from a single search task can produce an overwhelming amount of information. Critical Thinking - Kindle edition by Brooke Noel Moore, Richard Parker.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Critical Thinking. Problem-Solving Skills — Creative and Critical. An important goal of education is helping students learn how to think more productively while solving problems, by combining creative thinking (to generate ideas) and critical thinking (to evaluate ideas).

Both modes of thinking are essential for a well-rounded productive thinker, according to experts in both fields. Summaries and links for high-quality pages about improved thinking skills (creative, critical) and methods (for science, design, life) in education.

Online homework and grading tools for instructors and students that reinforce student learning through practice and instant feedback.

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