A key theme of this speech was the forthcoming general election. With this in mind, Blair attacked the record of the Major government and outlined ten pledges that a Labour government would fulfil in its first term in office. These pledges included increased spending on education, the reduction of youth and long-term unemployment, more spending on patient care in the NHS, and the construction of a new relationship with Europe.
The footage also shows a student protest demonstration at Alameda County Courthouse, Oakland, California. Black Panther Party leaders Huey P. NewtonEldridge Cleaverand Bobby Seale spoke on a point program they wanted from the administration which was to include full employment, decent housing and education, an end to police brutality, and blacks to be exempt from the military.
Black Panther Party members are shown as they marched in uniform. Students at rally marched, sang, clapped hands, and carried protest signs. Police in riot gear controlled marchers. As the wartime jobs which drew much of the black migration "fled to the suburbs along with white residents", the black population was concentrated in poor "urban ghettos" with high unemployment, and substandard housing, mostly excluded from political representation, top universities, and the middle class.
Insurgent civil rights practices proved incapable of redressing these conditions, and the organizations that had "led much of the nonviolent civil disobedience" such as SNCC and CORE went into decline.
In formulating a new politics, they drew on their experiences working with a variety of Black Power organizations.
After the police killed Matthew Johnson, an unarmed young black man in San Francisco, Newton observed the violent rebellion that followed. He had an epiphany that would distinguish the Black Panther Party from the multitude of organizations seeking to build Black Power.
Newton saw the explosive rebellious anger of the ghetto as a force, and believed that if he could stand up to the police, he could organize that force into political power. Inspired by Robert F. Like the Community Alert Patrol in Los Angeles after the Watts Rebellionhe decided to organize patrols to follow the police around to monitor for incidents of brutality.
But with a crucial difference: According to Bobby Seale, they would "sell the books, make the money, buy the guns, and go on the streets with the guns. We'll protect a mother, protect a brother, and protect the community from the racist cops.
Newton standing in the street, armed with a Colt. The BPP is founded. A few months later, they began their first "police" patrols. Black Community News Service. BPP members serve as security escorts for Betty Shabazz. Denzil Dowell protest in Richmond.
Thirty people representing the BPP go to state capitol with guns, and achieve the Party's first national media attention.The myth, which liberals like myself find tempting, is that only the right has changed. In June , we tell ourselves, Donald Trump rode down his golden escalator and pretty soon nativism, long.
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The singular nature of the CPGB's relationship with the Communist International means that the organisational holdings of the archives in Britain are of a highly asymmetrical character.