Romulus and Remus with their wolf foster mother, bronze sculpture, c.
Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci Galleria BorgheseRome. The Aeneid was written under Augustuswho claimed ancestry through Julius Caesar from the hero and his mother Venus.
According to the Aeneid, the survivors from the fallen city of Troy banded together under Aeneas and underwent a series of adventures around the Mediterranean Seaincluding a stop at newly founded Carthage under the rule of Queen Didoeventually reaching the Italian coast.
The Trojans were thought to have landed in an area between modern Anzio and Fiumicinosouthwest of Rome, probably at Laurentum or, in other versions, at Laviniuma place named for Laviniathe daughter of King Latinus whom Aeneas married.
This started a series of armed conflicts with Turnus over the marriage of Lavinia. The young son of Aeneas Ascaniusalso known as Iulus, went on to found Alba Longa and the line of Alban kings who filled the chronological gap between the Trojan saga and the traditional founding of Rome in the 8th century BC.
Toward the end of this line, King Procas was the father of Numitor and Amulius. At Procas' death, Numitor became king of Alba Longa, but Amulius captured him and sent him to prison; he also forced Numitor's daughter Rhea Silvia to become a virgin priestess among the Vestals. Romulus and Remus[ edit ] Main article: Romulus The myth of Aeneas was of Greek origin and had to be reconciled with the Italian myth of Romulus and Remus, who would have been born around BC if taken as historical figures.
They were purported to be sons of Rhea Silvia and either Marsthe god of war, or the demi-god hero Hercules. They were abandoned at birth, in the manner of many mythological heroesbecause of a prophecy that they would overthrow their great-uncle Amuliuswho had overthrown Silvia's father Numitor.
The twins were abandoned on the river Tiber by servants who took pity on the infants, despite their orders. The twins were nurtured by a she-wolf until a shepherd named Faustulus found the boys and took them as his sons.
Faustulus and his wife Acca Larentia raised the children. When Remus and Romulus became adults, they killed Amulius and restored Numitor. They decided to establish a city; however, they quarreled, and Romulus killed his brother.
Thus, Rome began with a fratricidea story that was later taken to represent the city's history of internecine political strife and bloodshed. Other myths[ edit ] Another story told how Romos, a son of Odysseus and Circe, was the one who founded Rome.
Nilsson speculates that this older story was becoming a bit embarrassing as Rome became more powerful and tensions with the Greeks grew. Being descendants of the Greeks was no longer preferable, so the Romans settled on the Trojan foundation myth instead. Nilsson further speculates that the name of Romos was changed by the Romans to the native name Romulus, but the name Romos later changed to the native Remus was never forgotten by the people, and so these two names came to stand side by side as founders of the city.
April 21, the day of the festival sacred to Palesgoddess of shepherds, on which date they celebrated the Par ilia or Palilia. However they did not know, or they were uncertain of, the exact year the city had been founded; this is one reason they preferred to date their years by the presiding consuls rather than using the formula A.
Several dates had been proposed by ancient authorities, and Dionysius of Halicarnassus records these: The most familiar date given for the foundation of Rome, BC, was derived by the Roman antiquarian Titus Pomponius Atticusand adopted by Marcus Terentius Varrohaving become part of what has come to be known as the Varronian chronology.
According to the legend, Romulus plowed a furrow sulcus around the hill in order to mark the boundary of his new city. The name of Rome[ edit ] Further information: History of Rome There is no consensus on the etymology of the city's name. Between the end of the Bronze Age and the beginning of the Iron ageeach hill between the sea and the Capitol was topped by a village on the Capitol Hill, a village is attested since the end of the 14th century BC.
The area around the Tiber was particularly advantageous and offered notable strategic resources: This position would also have enabled the Latins to control the river and the commercial and military traffic on it from the natural observation point at Isola Tiberina.
Moreover, road traffic could be controlled, since Rome was at the intersection of the principal roads to the sea coming from Sabinum in the northeast and Etruria to the northwest. There is a wide consensus that the city developed gradually through the aggregation "synoecism" of several villages around the largest one on the Palatine.
This aggregation, signalling the transition from a proto-urban to an urban settlement, was made possible by the increase in agricultural productivity above the subsistence level, which allowed the establishment of secondary and tertiary activities[ clarification needed ]:The traditional date for the founding of the greatest city of the Western world was the product of guesswork by Roman writers of the late centuries BC, working backwards from their own time.
There were reports of kings of Rome in the early days before the last of them, Tarquin the Proud, was expelled and the Roman Republic was founded, which .
Sep 01, · Watch video · Beginning in the eighth century B.C., Ancient Rome grew from a small town on central Italy’s Tiber River into an empire that at its peak encompassed most of continental Europe, Britain, much of.
It seems unlikely that the city's founders literally attended a banquet of the Roman gods, serving refreshments while asking their advice on a good spot to build a city. According to tradition, Numa Pompilius, the Sabine second king of Rome, founded Roman religion; Numa was believed to have had as his consort and adviser a Roman goddess or nymph of fountains and of prophecy, Egeria.
Roman mythology, like that of the Greeks, contained a number of gods and goddesses, and because of the early influence of Greece on the Italian peninsula and the ever-present contact with Greek culture, the Romans adopted not only their stories but also many of their gods, renaming a number of them.
royal line, the twin brothers Romulus and Remus, founded their own city, Rome, on the Palatine Hill. According to tradition, the twins, believed to have been the children of the god Mars, were set adrift in a basket on the Tiber by the king of Alba; they survived, however, being.