Indian philosophy Indian philosophy Sanskrit: Some of the earliest surviving philosophical texts are the Upanishads of the later Vedic period — BCE. Important Indian philosophical concepts include dharmakarmasamsaramoksha and ahimsa. Indian philosophers developed a system of epistemological reasoning pramana and logic and investigated topics such as metaphysics, ethics, hermeneutics and soteriology.
Philosophical Philosophical Perspectives Before formalized research, state constitutions, or legislative requirements, philosophers had already given a great deal of thought to the different purposes of education and schooling.
These early thinkers shared many common ideas about what it is that schools should exist to do, but each of them also had their own unique perspectives on the role of schooling within a given culture and civilization.
In more modern times, American educational philosophers such as John DeweyGeorge Countsand Mortimer Adler have each proposed systematic and detailed arguments regarding the purpose of schooling in American society.
InDewey argued that the primary purpose of education and schooling is not so much to prepare students to live a useful life, but to teach them how to live pragmatically and immediately in their current environment.
To Counts, the purpose of school was less about preparing individuals to live independently and more about preparing individuals to live as members of a society. In other words, Counts felt the role of schooling was to equip individuals with the skills necessary to participate in the social life of their community and to change the nature of the social order as needed or desired.
In the s, the noted educator and philosopher Mortimore Adler put forth the Paideia Proposal Adler, which integrated the ideas of Dewey and Counts, as well as his own.
Historian of education David Tyack has argued that from an historical perspective, the purpose of schooling has been tied to social and economic needs Tyack, More recently, some sociologists have argued that schools exist primarily to serve a practical credentialing function in society Labaree, Expanding on the pragmatic purpose of school, deMarrais and LeCompte outlined four major purposes of schooling that include: Dare the schools build a new social order?
Southern Illinois University Press. The way schools work: A sociological analysis of education 2nd ed.
How to succeed in school without really learning. Philosophical documents in education. An essay on the history of compulsory schooling.
American Educational Research Association. Blog Purpose of School Survey Find out your own beliefs about the purpose of school by taking our brief, 5 minute survey Historical Purposes of Schooling Professor Steven Stemler of Wesleyan University briefly discusses how the primary purposes of schooling have shifted over time.Education should prepare young people for life, work and citizenship.
Knowledge of the natural and engineered environments and how people live in the world is critical to all three purposes of. The Purpose and Scope of Christian Education Education, as defined by American scholar and biblical thinker Noah Webster, “comprehends all that series of instruction and discipline which is intended to enlighten the understanding, correct the temper.
Yolanda Gordon of South Carolina: "The purpose of education is prepare our children for higher education, teach them to navigate social interactions with peers from different backgrounds, and to help them become tax paying members of society.
The Purpose and Scope of Christian Education Education, as defined by American scholar and biblical thinker Noah Webster, “comprehends all that series of instruction and discipline which is intended to enlighten the understanding, correct the temper. Education should prepare young people for life, work and citizenship.
Knowledge of the natural and engineered environments and how people live in the world is critical to all three purposes of. The purpose of this conceptual paper was to propose an ultimate goal and purpose for the the argument that embedded in the purpose of adult education is the continuous defining (education, philosophy of, , Platonic view section, para.
2 of article ).