Bog chemistry[ edit ] Sphagnum mosswhich aids in the preservation of bog bodies The preservation of bog bodies in peat bogs is a natural phenomenon, and not the result of human mummification processes. Most of these are located in colder climates near bodies of salt water.
Bog chemistry[ edit ] Sphagnum mosswhich aids in the preservation of bog bodies The preservation of bog bodies in peat bogs is a natural phenomenon, and not the result of human mummification processes.
Most of these are located in colder climates near bodies of salt water.
The bog acids, with pH levels similar to vinegar, conserve the human bodies in the same way as fruit is preserved by pickling. This environment, highly acidic and devoid of oxygen, denies the prevalent subsurface aerobic organisms any opportunity to initiate decomposition.
Researchers discovered that conservation also required that they place the body in the bog during the winter or early spring when the water temperature is cold—i.
Layers of sphagnum and peat assist in preserving the cadavers by enveloping the tissue in a cold immobilizing matrix, impeding water circulation and any oxygenation. An additional feature of anaerobic preservation by acidic bogs is the ability to conserve hair, clothing and leather items.
Most of the bog bodies discovered showed some aspects of Tollund man or else were not properly conserved. When such specimens are exposed to the normal atmosphere, they may begin to decompose rapidly.
As a result, many specimens have been effectively destroyed. As ofthe number of specimens that have been preserved following discovery was Historical context[ edit ] Mesolithic to Bronze Age[ edit ] The oldest bog body that has been identified is the Koelbjerg Man from Denmark, who has been dated to BCE, during the Mesolithic period.
Many of these Iron Age bodies bear a number of similarities, indicating a known cultural tradition of killing and depositing these people in a certain manner. These Pre-Roman Iron Age peoples lived in sedentary communities, who had built villages, and whose society was hierarchical.
They were agriculturalistsraising animals in captivity as well as growing crops. In some parts of northern Europe, they also hunted fish. Although independent of the Roman Empirewhich dominated southern Europe at this time, the inhabitants traded with the Romans.
Glob believed that these were "offerings to the gods of fertility and good fortune. In some cases the individual had been beheaded.
In the case of the Osterby Man found at Kohlmoor, near OsterbyGermany inthe head had been deposited in the bog without its body. The clothing is believed to have decomposed while in the bog for so long.
According to the archaeologist P. Glob"this probably indicates the wish to pin the dead man firmly into the bog. Some bog bodies, such as Tollund Man from Denmark, have been found with the rope used to strangle them still around their necks. Some, such as the Yde Girl in the Netherlands and bog bodies in Ireland, had the hair on one side of their heads closely cropped, although this could be due to one side of their head being exposed to oxygen for a longer period of time than the other.
Some of the bog bodies seem consistently to have been members of the upper class: Strabo records that the Celts practiced auguries on the entrails of human victims:Antiquity. BC --invention of writing by Sumerians in Mesopotamia, wheel, plows --Ötzi (Oetzi) the Iceman, frozen corpse in Alpine glacier between Austria and Italy BC--Scorpion King, unification of upper Egypt, earliest known hieroglyphics from his tomb.
BC. The final excavation of the Tollund Man at the National Museum of Denmark in showed that he was completely naked except for a narrow leather belt made of oxhide around his waist. One end of the belt had an oblong cut, through which the other end of the .
What was the Tollund Man's Life like? The Tollund Man was alive during the first part of the iron age, years B.C. Almost everybody was involved in farm work and that goes for . Enlaces externos. Wikimedia Commons alberga una categoría multimedia sobre Hombre de Tollund.; The Tollund Man; Tollund Man at PBS; Silkeborg Museum: The Tollund Man; The Tollund Man; The Tollund Man &The Tollund Man in Springtime por Seamus Heaney; Tollund Man by The Mountain Goats; National Geographic septiembre de .
Hvordan blev Tollundmanden fundet? Kriminalpolitiet i Silkeborg modtog mandag formiddag den 8. maj en alarmerende meddelelse.
Man havde om lørdagen, fundet et lig i en mose ved Bjældskovdal, ca. 10 km vest . Tollund Man is a naturally mummified corpse of a man who lived during the 4th century BC, during the period characterised in Scandinavia as the Pre-Roman Iron Age.
He was found in on the Jutland peninsula in Denmark, buried in a peat bog which preserved his body known as a bog body.
The man's physical features were so well-preserved .